History

about imageThe State of Chihuahua was first known to the Spanish as Cabeza de Vaca, and after the settlement of Durango in 1562 by Francisco de Ibarra, Chihuahua and Durango were called Nueva Vizcaya. Chihuahua became a state after the Mexican revolution against Spain in 1810. The city of Chihuahua was named the capital in 1823, and has since become a leading mineral, agricultural, and manufacturing state of Mexico.

Chihuahua has played a major role in the history of Mexico. Father Hidalgo, who began the fight for Independence from Spain with his "Grito de Dolores" in 1810, was captured and executed in what is now the State Capital building of Chihuahua. Benito Juarez, a Zapotec Indian who rose from humble beginnings to become one of the most beloved presidents of Mexico, set up his government in Chihuahua during the French invasion in 1864. Chihuahua was the main operations base for the "Division del Norte", the army led by Pancho Villa, during the Mexican Revolution in 1910.

photoOf considerable importance to Chihuahua's economic and political development was the westward expansion of the United States; during the 19th and early 20th century foreign investment was considerable, with the border city of Juarez as the commercial link. Today Chihuahua continues to be one of the leading political and economic states in Mexico, with a relatively large middle class and a high standard of living.

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